On this day in 1945, the leaders of the three Allied nations gathered in Potsdam to decide the future of a defeated Germany.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Harry S Truman and leader of the Soviet Union Josef Stalin had three main aims:
- to establish the future control of Germany
- to decide how to disable certain industries in Germany so that the country cannot rise up against its neighbours again
- to ensure delivery of food and raw materials to a liberated Europe ravaged by war and in danger of famine.
Clement Attlee signed the Potsdam Agreement on behalf of Britain after Churchill was defeated in the general election on 26 July.